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The root zone is the zone of oxygen and soil covering the roots of a crop. Locating and understanding the root zone is the key part of horticulture. As roots are the initial point of the vascular system of a plant, understanding the root zone of a plant will assist the gardener in catering the requirements of the plant under a more proficient manner. A plant can only be in good condition in case it has a healthy root zone. Plants with deep roots also have a deeper root zone and rely more on groundwater. Ascertaining the drip line area of a plant’s root zone will also support to resourcefully water plants under drought.
A few gardeners might overlook or forget the root zone while fertilizing plants. Still, the root zone is the most crucial part of the plant that needs fertilizing. Deep root feeding can stimulate the development of fibrous roots and can also secure the plant from getting nutrients that have dehydrated or overheated.
It is also significant for growers to uphold a healthy temperature in the root zone and preserve the health of the soil covering the root zone. Weak root zones of the crop resulting from soil clay, very low or high temperatures, and inadequate watering will diminish the crop’s ability to absorb nutrients and water properly.
Root zone research has been conducted for several decades, though the underlying approach of root management and processes in concentrated cropping systems remain mainly to be determined. Better grain production to fulfill the food demand of an escalating population has been massively reliant on chemical fertilizer input specifically based upon the customarily presumed idea of ‘high input, high output’, which ultimately resulted in overuse of fertilizers though overlooks the biological perspective of roots for efficient acquisition and mobilization of soil nutrients. Root assessment in soil nutrient resources and root-tempted processes plays a crucial part in adjusting nutrient transformation, effective nutrient acquisition, and utilization, and hence crop productivity. The efficiency of root with respect to improved nutrient acquisition, mobilization, and use can be completely exploited through:
Researches have revealed that root zone management is a proficient approach to escalate both nutrient use efficacy and crop productivity for maintainable crop production. The ultimate objectives of this article are to summarize the principles of root zone management and how it affects in increasing efficiency of the crop as well as delivering an overview of the biological potential of root zone system and processes to increase the productivity of the crop and nutrient use productivity.
An EnviroSCAN plays a crucial role in ascertaining the root zone development of a crop. An EnviroSCAN provides soil-content-water summaries for irrigation arrangement or other water movement mechanisms. The range of measurement is oven dry to saturation. EnviroSCAN probes measure soil moisture at manifold depths and are very simple to install. An EnviroSCAN is suggested for higher precision research measurements, measurements deeper around 80 cm and stony soils. It is customizable through adding sensors at user-quantified depths.
At Farm Dynamics Pakistan, EnviroSCAN provides you full control of irrigation planning by: